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Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
   Engine repair 3S-FE without its removal from the car
      The general data
      Specifications
      Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in the top dead point (ВМТ)
      Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
      Inlet collector
      Final collector
      Gear belt and pulleys of a gear belt
      Forward sealing ring of a cranked shaft
      Sealing ring of a camshaft
      Camshafts and pushers of valves
      Head of the block of cylinders
      The oil pallet
      The oil pump
      Flywheel / a drive plate
      Back sealing ring of a cranked shaft
      Support of the power unit
   Engine repair 1AZ-FE without its removal from the car
   Diagnostics and preparation of the engine for major repairs
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes




Toyota RAV4>> Engines>> Engine repair 3S-FE without its removal from the car>> Gear belt and pulleys of a gear belt
Removal
Removal make in a following order:
– Switch off ignition and disconnect a wire of "weight" from the storage battery;
– Tighten a lay brake and block back wheels an emphasis;
loosen the nuts of fastening of the right forward wheel. Lift a forward part of the car and establish on support. Remove the right forward wheel and грязезащитный a guard of an arch of the right forward wheel;
– Remove a filling tank of the amplifier of a steering together with an arm. If the car is equipped by antiblocking system of brakes (ABS), remove block ABS together with an arm;

Fig. 3.11. A drive газораспределительного the mechanism: 1 – a pulley of a cranked shaft; 2 – the bottom casing of a gear belt; 3 – the top casing of a gear belt; 4 – a gear belt; 5 – directing a gear belt; 6 – high-voltage wires with candle tips; 7 – a spark plug; 8 – a spring; 9 – a pulley of a gear belt of a cranked shaft; 10 – a pulley of the oil pump; 11 – a single roller; 12 – a tension roller; 13 – a pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft; 14 – a protective box for a plait of wires


– Having pulled upwards and simultaneously turning, remove tips with high-voltage wires 6 (fig. 3.11) from spark plugs;
– A stream of compressed air clear candles that will exclude dirt hit in the cylinder of the engine after a reversing of spark plugs. Turn out spark plugs;
– Remove поликлиновые belts of a drive of hinged units;
– Remove the generator and a generator arm;
– Separate from a forward part of the engine a protective box 14 for a plait of wires;
– A jack through wooden брусок, for the oil pallet support the engine. Turn out 3 bolts and remove the right support of the engine;
– Turn out screws, disconnect draughts and wires and remove the top casing 3 gear belts and a lining;

Fig. 3.12. Label ВМТ on a cover of a head of the block of the cylinders, observed through a small aperture of a pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft


– Establish the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ (in position of a step of compression). Check up that through a small aperture of a pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft label ВМТ on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders (fig. 3.12) is visible;
– A chalk, a marker or a paint note a direction of rotation of a gear belt, and also put combination labels on a pulley of a camshaft and a gear belt. If at installation the gear belt rotates in other party, it will lead to its destruction;

Fig. 3.13. An arrangement of a bolt of fastening of a tension roller and spring removal


loosen the a bolt of fastening of a tension roller also remove a spring (fig. 3.13). Remove a gear belt from pulleys. If it is necessary to remove a head of the block of cylinders, a camshaft or to replace a sealing ring of a camshaft, it is not required to remove a gear belt from a pulley of a cranked shaft;

Fig. 3.14. Use of keys for deduction of a camshaft from проворачивания and отворачивания a bolt of fastening of a pulley of a gear belt


– If the pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft is worn out or damaged, uncover heads of the block of cylinders. Keeping a wrench a camshaft from проворачивания (fig. 3.14) for шестигранник, turn out a bolt of fastening and remove a pulley of a gear belt from a camshaft;

Fig. 3.15. Fixing by an edge of a screw-driver of a flywheel from проворачивания and отворачивание a bolt of fastening of a pulley of a cranked shaft


– Uncover, closing an aperture for flywheel survey, and an edge of the big flat screw-driver for a gear wreath of a flywheel fix it from проворачивания (fig. 3.15). Turn out a bolt of fastening of a pulley of a cranked shaft. As the bolt is strongly tightened, use a key with the big shoulder. Using mount or a stripper гасителя fluctuations, remove a pulley from a cranked shaft (fig. 3.16). Before pulley removal be convinced that the piston of the first cylinder is established in ВМТ;

Fig. 3.16. Use of mount for removal of a pulley from a cranked shaft


Fig. 3.17. An arrangement of bolts of fastening of the bottom casing of a gear belt


– Turn out bolts (fig. 3.17) and remove the bottom casing of a gear belt and its lining. Remove from a cranked shaft directing a gear belt;
– If the gear belt is repeatedly established, put combination labels on a pulley of a cranked shaft and a gear belt;
– Shift a gear belt from a pulley and remove it from the engine;

Fig. 3.18. Use of a stripper for removal of a pulley from a cranked shaft


– If the pulley is worn out or damaged or it is necessary to replace a forward sealing ring of a cranked shaft, remove a pulley of a gear belt from a cranked shaft. The pulley should act in film easily from a cranked shaft. If the pulley is planted very densely, remove its stripper (fig. 3.18). For fastening of captures of a stripper drill in a pulley of 2 apertures and cut in them a carving.
Check

       THE PREVENTION
Do not overwind and do not bend a gear belt. Exclude hit on a gear belt of the oil, cooling liquid or fuel.
Do not turn a cranked shaft of the engine at the removed gear belt as pistons can hit about valves.

Check up a condition and smoothness of rotation of single and tension rollers. Check up a condition and measure length of a spring which for engines with 1996 for 1997 should be equal 46,0 mm, and for engines with 1998 for 2000 – 42,0 mm.
Rupture of a gear belt on the working engine can lead to blow of pistons about valves therefore valves can be deformed. Check up backlashes of valves. On the deformed valves they will be much more demanded.
If has occurred выкрошивание teeths of a gear belt, probably, has jammed the water pump, the oil pump or a camshaft.
If the external surface of a gear belt is considerably worn out or stratified, check up conditions of racetracks of single and tension rollers.
If deterioration or damage are found out only on one party of a belt, check up directing a gear belt and alignment of pulleys of a gear belt.

       THE PREVENTION
In the presence of any defects on a gear belt replace it necessarily.

       THE NOTE
Professionals recommend replacement of a gear belt every time when he acts in film as belt rupture on the working engine can lead to serious damage of the engine and expensive repair.

Installation
Installation make in a following order:
– Wipe all dirt and greasing in a forward part of the engine, in a zone of work of a gear belt;
– If acted in film, establish to the place of single both tension rollers and a spring of a tension roller. Take away a tension roller to the maximum tension of a spring and a bolt temporarily fix it in this position;
– Establish pulleys of a gear belt on distributive and cranked shaft. A pulley of a cranked shaft establish so that teeths of the gauge of a cranked shaft settled down from outside a forward cover of the engine;
– Check up that through a small aperture of a pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft label ВМТ on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders (fig. 3.12 see) is visible, and шпонка a pulley of a cranked shaft is directed on sign ВМТ on a forward cover. In this case the piston of the first cylinder is in ВМТ in a compression step;
– Establish a gear belt on pulleys of a cranked shaft, the oil pump, the water pump and single and tension rollers. At repeated installation of a gear belt, combine earlier put labels;

Fig. 3.19. The party directing a gear belt which should settle down from outside a belt


– Establish on a cranked shaft directing a gear belt, the party with drawing of teeths to a gear belt (fig. 3.19);

Fig. 3.21. Places of drawing of a layer of hermetic on the top and bottom casing of a gear belt


– Put on привалочную a surface a hermetic layer (fig. 3.21 see), establish the bottom casing of a gear belt and fix its bolts;
– Establish a pulley of a cranked shaft and check up label combination on a pulley with sign ВМТ on a forward cover. Screw and tighten a bolt of fastening of a pulley the moment 108 Nm;

Fig. 3.20. A branch pulled at installation of a gear belt on a pulley of a camshaft


– Establish a gear belt on a camshaft pulley, thus pulling the branch of a belt located from the forward party of the engine (fig. 3.20);
loosen the a bolt of fastening of a tension roller in the taken away position, thus the spring will turn a roller therefore there will be a belt tension;
– For a bolt of fastening of a pulley of a cranked shaft, slowly turn a cranked shaft clockwise on 1 7/8 turns before label combination on a pulley of a cranked shaft with a sign 45 to ВМТ, located on the bottom casing of a gear belt, then tighten a bolt of fastening of a tension roller the moment 42 Nm;

Fig. 3.1. Label combination on гасителе fluctuations with sign ВМТ on a forward cover


– For a bolt of fastening of a pulley of a cranked shaft turn a cranked shaft clockwise on 2 1/8 turns before label combination on гасителе fluctuations with sign ВМТ on a forward cover (fig. 3.1 see). Check up that through a small aperture of a pulley of a gear belt of a camshaft label ВМТ on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders is visible, otherwise repeat operations on installation of a gear belt (fig. 3.12 see).

       THE PREVENTION
Do not start up the engine while are not assured absolutely not that the gear belt is established correctly. If the belt is established incorrectly, probably serious and expensive damage of the engine.

The further installation is spent to sequences, return to removal, taking into account the following.
Put on привалочную a surface a hermetic layer, establish the top casing of a gear belt and fix its screws (fig. 3.21).