Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
   The general data
   Technical characteristics
   Electric chains
   Check of the storage battery
   Replacement of wires of the storage battery
   Safety locks and the relay
   Check and replacement of the relay of indexes of turn and the emergency light alarm system
   Check of system of gymnastics
   The generator
      The general data
      Removal and generator installation
   System of start-up of the engine
   Replacement combined подрулевых switches
   Replacement of the lock and the cylinder of the lock of ignition
   Removal and installation of switches of the panel of devices
   Removal and installation of a combination of devices
   Check and replacement of the engine of a screen wiper
   Radio receiver and dynamics
   Aerial replacement
   Check and repair of a heater of back glass
   Replacement of lamps in headlights
   Adjustment of light of headlights
   Headlight replacement
   Sound signal
   Replacement of lamps накаливания
   Check of a drive of external rear-view mirrors
   Check of system of the cruise-control
   Check стеклоподъемников with an electric drive
   Check of system of the central blocking of locks
   Drive podemno-sdvizhnoj roof panels
   Safety pillows
Electric equipment schemes

Toyota RAV4>> Electric equipment>> The generator>> The general data
Cars equip with alternating current generators. Depending on model and the electric equipment established on the car generators of various capacity can be established. At installation of an additional electric equipment check up, that capacities of the generator was enough for a food of the new consumer.
The generator drive is carried out поликлиновым by a belt from a cranked shaft of the engine.
The generator represents the three-phase synchronous electric car with electromagnetic excitation. For transformation of an alternating current in constant the rectifier is built in the generator on diodes. Pressure is regulated by the built in microelectronic regulator of pressure.
At work of the generator the electric current proceeding on a winding of excitation, creates a magnetic field round poles of a rotor. At rotor rotation under coils статора alternately pass rotor poles, the magnetic stream varies on size and a direction and creates in a winding статора electromotive power.
At high frequency of rotation of a rotor of the generator when pressure of the generator becomes more than 13,6–14,6 In, the pressure regulator is locked also a current through a winding of excitation does not pass. Pressure of the generator falls, the regulator opens and again passes a current through an excitation winding. The above frequency of rotation of a rotor of the generator, the is more time of a closed condition of a regulator, hence, that pressure on a generator exit more strongly decreases. Process of lock-out and regulator unlocking occurs to high frequency, therefore pressure fluctuations on a generator exit are imperceptible, and it is almost possible to consider to its constants supported at level of 13,6-14,6 Century
At generator checks, and also at car operation observe following security measures not to put the generator out of action:
Do not suppose work of the generator with the disconnected storage battery. At work of the generator with the disconnected battery in an onboard network of the car there are pressure increases at switching-off of any consumers of the electric power, leading to failure of the electronic equipment of the car, including a regulator of pressure and выпрямительного the generator block.
Do not check working capacity of the generator on "spark", even short-term connection плюсового a conclusion of the generator with "weight". Thus through выпрямительный the block proceeds a considerable current and its diodes are damaged. Check pressure of the generator only the voltmeter.
"The minus" plug of the storage battery always should incorporate to "weight" of the car, and плюсовая to be connected to a generator conclusion. Wrong (return) connection of the battery will sharply raise a current passing through diodes of the generator, and they will fail.
Do not check diodes pressure more than 12 in or мегомметром as it has too high pressure for diodes. In this case at check diodes will be punched (there will be a short circuit). At check of isolation of electroconducting by an ohmmeter disconnect all wires from the generator.
Necessarily disconnect all wires from the generator and the storage battery at electric welding of knots of details of a body.
Check chains and knots of an electric equipment and eliminate malfunctions at the idle engine and the disconnected storage battery.