Establish the car on the lift and lift on height convenient for survey.
Check up deterioration and a condition of tyres.
Check up a condition of the universal hinge between steering shaft and картером steering transfer.
Check up картер steering transfer on absence of leaks of a liquid.
Visually check up protective covers of spherical hinges and реечного the steering mechanism on presence of cracks, attritions and ageing. Any damages of covers will lead to loss of lubricant and hit in water and a dirt, and as consequence — to fast deterioration of spherical hinges or the steering mechanism.
While the assistant turns a steering wheel here and there, check up details and steering knots on moving freedom, deterioration and reliability of fastening.
Fig. 2.25. Use of mount for check люфта hinges of the bottom levers
Check up a condition and люфт
hinges of the bottom levers, trying to move mount levers concerning a wheel rim upwards and downwards (fig. 2.25
Take a forward wheel hands in position «6 and 12 ч» and try to shake it in a vertical plane. Insignificant люфт wheels it is admissible. If люфт big, the further check is necessary to establish a cause of defect. Continue to swing a wheel thus the assistant should press a brake pedal. If люфт it is eliminated or it is considerably reduced, that, possibly, nave bearings are damaged. If люфт still big, means, connections and suspension bracket fastenings are worn out.
Now take a wheel hands in position «9 and 3 ч» and try to shake it in a horizontal plane. Люфт in a horizontal plane can be caused deterioration of the bearing of a nave or spherical hinges of steering draught. If external or internal spherical шарнирное connection is worn out, люфт at once will be swept up.
In a back part of the car examine plugs of levers of a back suspension bracket.