Recommended periodicity: each 5000 km of run or 3 months.
Periodic replacement of oil and the oil filter — the most important preventive procedure of maintenance service. While in service engine oil grows old — loses operational properties and becomes soiled deterioration products that conducts to premature deterioration of the engine.
Oil replacement make right after trips on the engine which has not cooled down yet that oil followed together with pollution faster.
Uncover with маслоналивной a mouth located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders.
Lift the car on the lift or establish the car in horizontal position on осмотровую a ditch.
Fig. 2.5. Otvorachivanie stoppers engine oil plum
Place capacity for oil gathering under a drain aperture and turn out a stopper (fig. 2.5
). Hold a stopper during time отворачивания
that oil has not flowed out prematurely. Wait engine oil plum. At отворачивании
stoppers and oil plum be careful, as oil has a heat.
Visual survey check up an engine oil condition on presence of a metal shaving and other inclusions.
Pure rags clear a stopper oil plum.
When oil completely will flow down, wipe oil round a drain aperture and wrap a stopper with a new sealing ring.
Move capacity for oil gathering under the oil filter.
On cars till 2001 access to the oil filter is carried out from above, and on cars since 2001 — from below.
Fig. 2.6. An arrangement of the oil filter on cars of release till 2001
Special key loosen the the
oil filter, then turn on his hand (fig. 2.6
). After branch of the filter from the block of cylinders at once turn its flange with a carving upwards to exclude plums of oil from the filter.
Fig. 2.7. An arrangement of the oil filter on cars of release since 2001
At отворачивании the oil filter be careful, as the final collector has a heat.
Pure rags wipe the block of cylinders from the oil which have spilt at removal of the filter, otherwise at work of the engine oil will burn out and smoke. Also the oil rests will interfere with correct installation and an inhaling of the new oil filter.
Be convinced that on привалочной surfaces of the block of cylinders did not remain the pasted fragments of a lining of the filter. In this case remove their scraper.
Grease with fresh engine oil a sealing ring of the new oil filter and wrap the oil filter before contact of a lining to the block of cylinders then tighten the filter on 3/4 turns by hand.
Fill in in the engine oil of the corresponding mark. In some minutes check up engine oil level. If it is about label FULL, close a cover маслоналивной mouths.
Get the engine for one minute that engine oil has started to circulate on the engine.
Stop the engine and wait some minutes that oil has flown down in the pallet.
Check up level of oil and add, if it is necessary. Check up absence of leaks of oil from under a stopper and the oil filter, in case of need tighten them.