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Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
   The general data on operational materials and the adjusting data
   Volumes and periodicity of maintenance service
   Check of levels of operational liquids
   Survey of tyres and check of pressure of air
   Replacement of engine oil and the oil filter
   Check and replacement of rubber tapes of brushes of a screen wiper
   Check and adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check, adjustment of a tension and replacement поликлинового a belt of a drive of hinged units
   Check and replacement of hoses in a motor compartment
   Shift of wheels
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition of brakes (each 24 000 km or 12 months)
   Replacement of the air filter
   Check of fuel system
   Check of level of oil in a mechanical transmission
   Check of level of oil in a distributing box of cars with an automatic transmission
   Check of a condition of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of level of oil in back main transfer on all-wheel drive cars
   Replacement of the filter of ventilation of salon by cars since 2001
   Replacement of a brake liquid
   Replacement of the fuel filter by cars of release till 2001
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check and replacement of a cover and rotor of the distributor of ignition
   Replacement of a cooling liquid and washing of system of cooling
   Check of system of regeneration of steams of fuel
   Check of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Oil and filter replacement in an automatic transmission
   Oil replacement in a mechanical transmission
   Oil replacement in a distributing box on all-wheel drive cars with an automatic transmission
   Oil replacement in back main transfer on all-wheel drive cars
   Check and replacement of the valve and ventilation hose картера (PCV)
   Check and adjustment of backlashes in a drive of Valves
3. Engines
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes




Toyota RAV4>> Maintenance service>> Replacement of engine oil and the oil filter
       THE NOTE
Recommended periodicity: each 5000 km of run or 3 months.

Periodic replacement of oil and the oil filter — the most important preventive procedure of maintenance service. While in service engine oil grows old — loses operational properties and becomes soiled deterioration products that conducts to premature deterioration of the engine.
Oil replacement make right after trips on the engine which has not cooled down yet that oil followed together with pollution faster.
Uncover with маслоналивной a mouth located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders.
Lift the car on the lift or establish the car in horizontal position on осмотровую a ditch.

Fig. 2.5. Otvorachivanie stoppers engine oil plum


Place capacity for oil gathering under a drain aperture and turn out a stopper (fig. 2.5). Hold a stopper during time отворачивания that oil has not flowed out prematurely. Wait engine oil plum. At отворачивании stoppers and oil plum be careful, as oil has a heat.
Visual survey check up an engine oil condition on presence of a metal shaving and other inclusions.
Pure rags clear a stopper oil plum.
When oil completely will flow down, wipe oil round a drain aperture and wrap a stopper with a new sealing ring.
Move capacity for oil gathering under the oil filter.
On cars till 2001 access to the oil filter is carried out from above, and on cars since 2001 — from below.

Fig. 2.6. An arrangement of the oil filter on cars of release till 2001


Special key loosen the the oil filter, then turn on his hand (fig. 2.6, 2.7). After branch of the filter from the block of cylinders at once turn its flange with a carving upwards to exclude plums of oil from the filter.

Fig. 2.7. An arrangement of the oil filter on cars of release since 2001



       THE PREVENTION
At отворачивании the oil filter be careful, as the final collector has a heat.

Pure rags wipe the block of cylinders from the oil which have spilt at removal of the filter, otherwise at work of the engine oil will burn out and smoke. Also the oil rests will interfere with correct installation and an inhaling of the new oil filter.
Be convinced that on привалочной surfaces of the block of cylinders did not remain the pasted fragments of a lining of the filter. In this case remove their scraper.
Grease with fresh engine oil a sealing ring of the new oil filter and wrap the oil filter before contact of a lining to the block of cylinders then tighten the filter on 3/4 turns by hand.
Fill in in the engine oil of the corresponding mark. In some minutes check up engine oil level. If it is about label FULL, close a cover маслоналивной mouths.
Get the engine for one minute that engine oil has started to circulate on the engine.
Stop the engine and wait some minutes that oil has flown down in the pallet.
Check up level of oil and add, if it is necessary. Check up absence of leaks of oil from under a stopper and the oil filter, in case of need tighten them.