The starter represents the electric motor of a direct current with the mixed excitation with the electromagnetic traction relay. The starter consists of the case or статора with windings of excitation, an anchor with обгонной муфтой, covers with щеткодержателями and the traction relay.
At starter inclusion through a winding of the traction relay of a starter the current from the storage battery starts to proceed. The relay anchor is involved also relay contacts become isolated. Simultaneously the relay anchor through the lever moves обгонную муфту with a gear wheel. The nave обгонной муфты turns on screw шлицах a shaft of an anchor of a starter as well a gear wheel that facilitates its input in gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Through the closed contacts of the traction relay there is a current feeding windings статора both anchors and the starter anchor starts to rotate together with a nave and обгонной муфтой.
After start of the engine frequency of rotation of a gear wheel exceeds frequency of rotation of an anchor of a starter. In this case обгонная муфта it is freely turned, and the twisting moment is not transferred from an engine flywheel to a shaft of an anchor of a starter. After release the ignition key the feed circuit of windings of the traction relay through the ignition switch is disconnected, the anchor of the traction relay is wrung out by a spring in a starting position, relay contacts are disconnected also a drive gear wheel leaves gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel.
Starter removal make as follows:
Switch off ignition and disconnect a wire of "weight" from the storage battery.
Remove the block of management of the cruise-control and, without disconnecting from it a cable, take aside.
Remove a broad tank.
Disconnect electric sockets from the traction relay of a starter.
Fig. 15.19. An arrangement of bolts (one bolt is not visible) starter fastenings on models since 2001
Installation make in sequence, return to removal.