Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
   Engine repair 3S-FE without its removal from the car
   Engine repair 1AZ-FE without its removal from the car
      The general data
      Specifications
      Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in the top dead point (ВМТ)
      Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
      System of change of phases timing (VVT — Variable Valve Timing)
      Drive chain газораспределительного the mechanism and an asterisk
      Camshafts and pushers of valves
      Inlet collector
      Final collector
      Head of the block of cylinders
      Pulley/gasitel of fluctuations
      Forward sealing ring of a cranked shaft
      The oil pallet
      The oil pump
      Flywheel / a drive plate
      Back sealing ring of a cranked shaft
      Support of the power unit
   Diagnostics and preparation of the engine for major repairs
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes


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Toyota RAV4>> Engines>> Engine repair 1AZ-FE without its removal from the car>> Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in the top dead point (ВМТ)
The top dead point (ВМТ) is the highest point through which takes place the piston at engine work. Each piston reaches ВМТ in compression and release steps, but term ВМТ usually concerns the piston of the first cylinder in a compression step. The label on a pulley гасителя the fluctuations, fixed on cranked to a shaft, also concerns installation of the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ in a compression step.
Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ in a compression step – an essential part of process on replacement of pulleys and a drive chain газораспределительного the mechanism, and also on adjustment of a backlash of valves.
Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ make in a following order:
– Before installation of the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ switch off ignition and establish the gear change lever in neutral position;
– Put out of action ignition system, having disconnected electric sockets from ignition coils;
– For piston installation in ВМТ turn a cranked shaft clockwise if to take a detached view of the engine of a chain of a drive газораспределительного the mechanism. Turn a cranked shaft a key for the central bolt of fastening of a pulley to a cranked shaft;
– Turn out spark plugs and establish a tip компрессометра in an aperture for a spark plug of the first cylinder. The tip компрессометра should be rolled in an aperture for a candle and have length not less than 150 mm;
– Turn a cranked shaft clockwise and at approach of the piston of the first cylinder to ВМТ компрессометр will start to show pressure increase in the cylinder;

Fig. 3.52. Label combination on гасителе fluctuations with sign ВМТ or 0 on a forward cover of a chain


– Continue to turn a cranked shaft before label combination on гасителе fluctuations with sign ВМТ or 0 on a forward cover of a chain (fig. 3.52).
If компрессометр it is inaccessible, it is possible to close an aperture for a candle a finger and on pressure increase at проворачивании a cranked shaft to define, when compression in the first cylinder begins. Further continue to turn a cranked shaft before label combination on гасителе fluctuations with sign ВМТ or 0 on a forward cover of a chain (fig. 3.52 see).
After installation of the piston of the first cylinder in ВМТ in a compression step, turning a cranked shaft on 180 , it is possible to establish other pistons in ВМТ in sequence corresponding to an operating procedure of cylinders.