Fig. 1.1. Controls, devices and the equipment on cars of release since 2001: 1 – a regulator of illumination of devices; 2 – подрулевой the passing light/headlight switch; 3 – a combination of devices; 4 – a pillow of safety of the driver / a sound signal; 5 – the ignition lock; 6 – подрулевой перключатель cleaners and washers of glasses; 7 – the central lattices of ventilation; 8 – an autoradio tape recorder; 9 – a pillow of safety of the passenger; 10 – a ware box; 11 – lateral lattices of ventilation; 12 – the switch of the emergency light alarm system; 13 – the control panel heating and ventilation; 14 – прикуриватель; 15 – the selector lever; 16 – an ashtray; 17 – the lever of a lay brake; 18 – the button of inclusion of the conditioner; 19 – the handle of opening of a cowl; 20 – the switch of back antifog lanterns
The basic controls and a combination of devices are resulted by the car on fig. 1.1
. And 1.2
Fig. 1.2. A combination of devices: 1 – a speedometer; 2 – a tachometre; 3 – the index of level of fuel; 4 – indicators of maintenance service and other light indicators; 5 – the index of an operating mode of an automatic transmission; 6 – the index of temperature of a cooling liquid; 7 – a control lamp of inclusion of forward antifog headlights; 8 – a control lamp of inclusion of a headlight of headlights; 9 – the dump button одометра daily run; 10 – одометр the general run and two одометра daily runaway
The combination of devices includes following elements:
1 – the Speedometer shows instant speed of the car.
2 – the Tachometer.
The arrow of a tachometre should not enter into a red zone of a scale at all.
Timely switching on higher transfer allows to save fuel and reduces engine and transmission noise.
To pass to lower transfer follows as it is possible later, shortly before the moment of occurrence of jerks in engine work.
During the period обкатки it is necessary to avoid work of the engine with high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft.
3 – the Index of level of fuel.
The index works at the included ignition. Capacity of a fuel tank of the car makes about 58 l.
4 – Signalling devices of maintenance service and other light signalling devices:
– A signalling device of malfunction of brake system.
At the included lay brake and ignition the lamp burns. It should go out, when the lay brake is switched off.
The lamp burns constantly at falling of level of a brake liquid. In this case stop the car, check up and, if necessary, finish to normal level of a brake liquid. Check up tightness of all knots of a drive of brakes and their connections;
– A signalling device of a discharge of the storage battery.
The lamp lights up at ignition inclusion, after engine start-up — dies away. The generator drive is carried out by means of durable клинового a belt.
If during movement a lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check up a condition клинового a belt.
If a belt tension ослабло or it is broken off, to continue movement it is impossible — the pump of system of cooling of the engine also thus is not put in action. If necessary replace a belt.
If the lamp burns, and a belt of a drive of the generator in good repair, it is possible to continue movement to the nearest service enterprise for what for reduction of a discharge of the storage battery, it is necessary to switch off all minor consumers of the electric power;
– A signalling device of low pressure of oil in the engine.
If the lamp burns in spite of the fact that oil level in the engine in norm, to continue movement it is impossible. Engine work in this case even idling is not supposed — the qualified help is necessary.
If at movement the given lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check up oil level, if necessary finish it to the normal;
– A malfunction signalling device.
The system of the automatic control at the included ignition and at movement constantly supervises performance of certain functions and a condition of separate elements of the car.
About infringements in work and necessity of carrying out of repair or maintenance service the given lamp in a combination of devices lets know;
– A signalling device of low level of fuel.
At fire of the given lamp fill the car with fuel;
– A signalling device of an open door.
Even if one door is not closed, the lamp will burn and will go out after closing of all doors.
5 – the Index of an operating mode of automatic transmission.
Specifies on what transfer at car movement the automatic transmission or in what it is position at the standing car works.
6 – the Index of temperature of a cooling liquid.
The index works at the included ignition.
If the arrow is in the bottom dark blue area of a scale avoid increase of frequency of rotation of the engine and engine loading.
If the arrow is in the top zone of a scale — the temperature of a cooling liquid is too high — stop the car, switch off the engine and establish the reason of rise in temperature of a cooling liquid.
At car movement in normal conditions of the marksman should be in an average zone of a scale.
At the big loading on the engine and a heat of external air, probably, from time to time an arrow arrangement in red top area of a scale;
– A control lamp of inclusion of forward antifog headlights;
– A control lamp of inclusion of a headlight.
The lamp burns at the included headlight of headlights and at giving of a light signal.
Fig. 1.3. Use of the counter of daily run
9 – the dump Button одометра
daily run (fig. 1.3
The dump button одометров daily run serves for dump of indications on a zero, and also for switching of the display from one одометра on another. To switch the display from one одометра to another, quickly press and release the button. By each pressing of the button the display is switched from indications одометра And to indications одометра In and back. To dump одометр And on a zero, cause on the indication display одометра And, then press and keep pressed the dump button until indications will not be dumped on a zero. Dump одометра is in the same way made Century
10 – Odometr of the general run and two одометра daily run.
Одометр the general run shows the general run of the car.
Two одометра daily run show two various distances, the indications passed independently from each other from the moment of last dump of everyone одометра on a zero. You can use one одометр for calculation of the expense of fuel, and another for measurement of daily run. At power supplies switching-off all data both одометров is lost.