Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
   The general data
   Technical characteristics
   System of onboard Diagnostics (OBD)
   Information gauges and executive стройства
      Information gauges
      Actuation mechanisms
   Codes of malfunctions of system OBD-II
   The engine management block (PCM)
   Gauges and valves of system of injection of fuel (EFI)
   System of compulsory ventilation of Carter (PCV)
   System рециркуляции the fulfilled gases (EGR) on models since 2001
   System of catching of steams of fuel (EVAP)
   Katalitichesky neutralizer
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes


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Toyota RAV4>> The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases>> Information gauges and executive стройства>> Information gauges
Oxygen gauges (O2S — Oxidant Sensor) – represent firm electrolit from ZrO — ceramics. At a heat this electrolit becomes electrospending and generates a characteristic galvanic charge which is an indicator of the maintenance of oxygen in the fulfilled gases.
The gauge of position of a cranked shaft (CKP — Crankshaft Position Sensor) – transfers PCM the information on position and frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft.
The gauge of position of a camshaft (CMP — Camshaft Position Sensor) on models since 1998 of release develops impulses on which basis PCM identifies the first cylinder and time of opening of an atomizer.
The gauge топливовоздушной mixes (A/F Sensor — Air/Fuel Sensor) on models since 2001 is established in the top part catalytic neutralizer and works similarly to the oxygen gauge.
The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (ECT — Engine Coolant Temperature) supervises temperature of a cooling liquid, and, on the basis of gauge PCM signal, changes air and fuel parity in mixes, a corner of an advancing of ignition and puts in action system рециркуляции the fulfilled gases (EGR).
The gauge of temperature of air arriving in the engine (IAT — Intake Air Temperature) on models till 2001 hands over the information on temperature of air arriving in the engine. PCM on the basis of the received information operates a fuel stream, changes a corner of an advancing of ignition and puts in action system of repeated burning of the fulfilled gases (EGR).
The gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS — Throttle Position Sensor) hands over the information on which basis PCM defines when throttle заслонка it is closed, is completely open or is in intermediate positions.
The gauge of absolute pressure (MAP — Manifold Absolute Pressure) on models till 2001 measures quantity (volume) of air arriving in the engine in an inlet collector.
The gauge of a measuring instrument of the expense of air (MAF — Mass Airflow Sensor) on models since 2001 measures weight of air arriving in the engine.
The gauge of speed of the car (VSS — Vehicle Speed Sensor) measures and transfers PCM the information on instant speed of the car.
The gauge of the control of pressure of steams of fuel (Vapor Pressure Sensor) is used for the control of pressure of steams in system of catching of steams of fuel. PCM, on the basis of the received information, operates vacuum valves (VSV) in system of catching of steams of fuel.
The switch of the amplifier of a steering (PSP — Power Steering Pressure) is used for increase in frequency of rotation of idling at car maneuvering.
Transmission gauges. In addition to the gauge of speed of car PCM receives the information from following gauges in a transmission: the gauge of frequency of rotation муфты coupling and the gauge of speed of the car.