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Тойота РАВ4-Toyota RAV4
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
4. Cooling and air-conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
   The general data
   Technical characteristics
   System of onboard Diagnostics (OBD)
   Information gauges and executive стройства
   Codes of malfunctions of system OBD-II
   The engine management block (PCM)
   Gauges and valves of system of injection of fuel (EFI)
   System of compulsory ventilation of Carter (PCV)
   System рециркуляции the fulfilled gases (EGR) on models since 2001
   System of catching of steams of fuel (EVAP)
   Katalitichesky neutralizer
8. Coupling
9. A transmission
10. A kardannyj shaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. A suspension bracket
13. A steering and a running gear
14. A body
15. An electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes




Toyota RAV4>> The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases>> System of onboard Diagnostics (OBD)
To analyze control systems of the engine, portable scanners are used. All models are equipped by system of onboard diagnostics OBD-II. This system consists of the onboard computer named the block of engine management (PCM), and the information gauges supervising various functions of the engine and sending data PCM. This system includes a number of diagnostic registrars which find out malfunctions in system of injection of fuel and a control system of steams of fuel and store the information in memory of the computer. This updated system also checks and diagnoses gauges and clears codes. For connection with the powerful diagnostic computer the 16-contact electric socket of communication of the data (DLC) is used. PCM by means of electronics operates fuel system and system of catching of steams of fuel. On the basis of the received information from gauges, PCM target signals operates various relays, fuel atomizers both other devices and drives. PCM is adjusted so that to optimise toxicity of the fulfilled gases, to keep car dynamic characteristics at the economic expense of fuel.